Endometriosis is a condition in which tissues lining the uterus grow outside of it. This may develop in the ovaries, fallopian tubes and even on the bladder or intestines. Moreover, it can cause menstrual irregularities, irritation, pelvic or abdominal pain and adhesions on the organs. When it occurs inside the ovary it forms a cyst called endometrioma. Unlike other endometriotic tissue, this cyst is visible on ultrasound.
Women with endometriosis, might experience pelvic or abdominal pain during menstrual bleeding or sex. But notably, some women never show any symptoms.
If you are in Delhi and are experiencing any of the above mentioned symptoms, consult a top gynaecologist in Delhi for a check up.
How does endometriosis affect pregnancy?
Women with endometriosis could get pregnant without any issue. But for some, this condition affects their fertility and makes it difficult to get pregnant. Nearly 30% to 50% women with endometriosis are found to have fertility issues.
According to gynaecologists, the endometrial cells cause inflammation to the pelvic structures. This interferes with the delicate balance of hormones needed to become pregnant. Moreover, endometriosis blocks the ovary releasing eggs. It also blocks the tubes and stops them from working properly.
Endometriosis can affect fertility in several other ways like –
- Distorting the anatomy of the pelvis
- Scarring the fallopian tubes
- Tampering with the immune system
- Altering the hormonal environment of eggs
- Causing blighted implantation of pregnancy
- Tampering with the egg quality
Doctors can evaluate the amount, location, and depth of endometriosis to determine the stage of the condition, using various diagnostic techniques. Stage 1 endometriosis is considered minimal, Stage 2 is mild, Stage 3 is moderate, and Stage 4 is severe. The possibility of becoming pregnant depends on these stages. Stage 4 endometriosis leads to substantial scarring, blocked fallopian tubes, and damaged ovaries. Hence, women with Stage 4 endometriosis find it extremely difficult to become pregnant. They often undergo advanced fertility treatment to get pregnant.
If you are in Delhi, consult a top gynaecologist in Delhi today to know more about the stages of endometriosis and their effects on fertility.
Remember! If you have endometriosis it is important to constantly keep in touch with your doctor after getting pregnant. Women with you endometriosis may experience the following eventualities during their pregnancy –
- Some bleeding towards the end of pregnancy
- Baby born earlier than usual
- Baby born smaller than usual
Endometriosis improves during the period of pregnancy but often returns
It is important to know that endometriosis cannot be prevented. However, doctors often recommend exercise, relaxation and adequate sleep to manage the pain. Treatment typically involves medications or surgery.
Since endometriosis needs estrogen to grow, birth control pills and drugs that lower or block estrogen are effective in managing the pain. Also, endometriosis improves with menopause, when the menstrual cycle stops. Visit the best gynaecologist hospital in Delhi or get a second opinion through a video consult with a gynaecologist on www.Docgenie.in to find out more about the latest treatment options for endometriosis.
DocGenie is an online telemedicine platform that provides you with quality healthcare from the comfort of your own space. On DocGenie, you can book an online consultation with highly qualified doctors as well as book lab tests for home collection.