What You Should Know About Breast Cancer And Its Causes

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers diagnosed in the world, occurring inside breast cells. Though both men and women can get breast cancer, it is much more common in women.

Breast cancer is the abnormal growth of some breast cells which begin to divide faster than their healthy counterparts. They also start accumulating and forming lumps. They might also spread to other body parts like that of the lymph nodes. Breast cancer in women typically begins with cells in the milk-producing ducts. However, it can also begin in the glandular tissue or in other cells or tissues present in the breast.

Signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include:

  • A lump in the breast
  • Any change in size, shape or appearance of the breast
  • Any change, like that of dimpling, on the skin over the breast
  • A nipple getting inverted
  • Any sign of scaling, crusting, and/or peeling on the skin surrounding the nipple, or on the breast skin
  • Redness of the breast skin, which might look like an orange peel

If you notice any of the signs or changes mentioned above, make an appointment with your gynae for immediate check up. You will need to do this even if your recent mammogram test result was normal. Today, many are also opting for online gynae consultations to access quality healthcare from the comfort of their home.

Causes of breast cancer

Some hormonal, lifestyle, and environmental causes increase the risk of breast cancer. But research and survey findings show that people without risk factors also develop cancer, while others with risk never do. Medical science is yet to find the reason behind this. Experts believe that breast cancer occurs due to a host of complex phenomena based on your genetic makeup and lifestyle.

If you have a family history of breast cancer or other types of cancers do consult a doctor. You can also opt for an online gynaecologist consultation to stay informed about your existing health conditions.

Other causes and factors of breast cancer:

  • Increasing age
  • Obesity
  • Cancer in one breast increases risk of cancer in the other.
  • Any previous radiation treatments to your chest.
  • Having periods early, that is before the age of 12 years
  • Beginning menopause at an older age
  • Having first child after 30 years of age
  • Not being pregnant ever
  • Postmenopausal hormone therapy
  • Alcohol addiction

Prevention of breast cancer

Following these steps can reduce the risk of developing breast cancer –

  • Talk to your doctor to find when to begin screening tests, like clinical breast exams and mammograms. You can book a session with an online consultation gynaecologist for a detailed discussion on this.
  • Breast self-exam helps you to be familiar with your breasts. Talk to your doctor to understand more about the techniques of breast self exam.
  • Exercise for at least 30 minutes, 5 days a week.
  • Take a healthy diet that includes fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and mixed nuts. Also choose healthy fats, and replace butter with olive oil, and red meat with fish. You can have a session with an online consultation gynaecologist to learn more about preventive health.

Also read: Everything You Need To Know About Breast Cancer

For any query regarding breast cancer or for consultation regarding symptoms, book a session with a leading gynaecologist on DocGenie.

DocGenie is an online telemedicine platform that provides you with quality healthcare from the comfort of your own space. On DocGenie, you can book an online consultation with highly qualified doctors as well as book lab tests for home collection.