Understanding Abnormal Menstruation: Causes and Symptoms

Abnormal Menstruation

Written by Dr Neha Jain (Obstretician & Gynaecologist MBBS LHMC New Delhi DGO LHMC New Delhi), one of the best Obstretician & Gynaecologist in Delhi NCR

Menstruation, often referred to as a woman’s “monthly cycle/ menses,” is a natural and essential part of reproductive health. It’s a process wherein the lining of the uterus (“bachhe-daani”) sheds, resulting in bleeding. However, there are instances when menstruation deviates from what is considered normal. This is what we refer to as abnormal menstruation.

What is Abnormal Menstruation?

Abnormal menstruation encompasses a range of irregularities in a woman’s menstrual cycle. These irregularities can manifest in various ways, such as:

1. Heavier or Lighter Bleeding: Unusually heavy or light flow can sometimes be indicative of abnormal menstruation.

2. Irregular Timing: If your cycle occurs more frequently than every 21 days or less frequently than every 35 days, it may be considered irregular.

3. Painful Menstruation (Dysmenorrhea): While some discomfort is normal, severe pain or cramping that interferes with daily activities may be a sign of abnormal menstruation.

4. Spotting Between Periods: Unexpected bleeding or spotting between periods regularly, is not typical.

5. Missing Periods (Amenorrhea): If a woman of reproductive age misses her period for three consecutive months or more, it’s considered amenorrhea.

Common Causes of Abnormal Menstruation

Several factors can contribute to abnormal menstruation. Understanding these causes can help in seeking timely medical attention and appropriate treatment:

1. Hormonal Imbalance: Fluctuations in hormones, particularly estrogen and progesterone, can lead to irregularities in the menstrual cycle.

2. Stress: High-stress levels can disrupt the delicate hormonal balance, potentially leading to irregular periods.

3. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): This hormonal disorder can cause cysts to form on the ovaries, leading to irregular periods.

4. Thyroid Disorders: Both an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) and an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) can affect menstrual regularity.

5. Uterine Fibroids: Noncancerous growths in the uterus can lead to heavier or prolonged periods.

6. Endometriosis: This condition occurs when tissue similar to the uterine lining grows outside the uterus, causing pain and irregular bleeding.

7. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): An infection of the female reproductive organs can lead to irregular bleeding.

8. Perimenopause: The transitional phase before menopause can bring about changes in menstrual patterns.

Recognizing the Abnormal Menstruation Symptoms

1. Being able to recognize the symptoms of abnormal menstruation is crucial for seeking timely medical advice. If you experience any of the following, it’s important to consult a healthcare provider:

2. Severe pelvic pain or cramping

3. Excessive bleeding that soaks through sanitary products quickly

4. Irregular bleeding after intercourse

5. Missed periods without pregnancy

6. Bleeding that lasts longer than a week

Seeking Medical Advice

If you’re experiencing abnormal menstruation, it’s essential to consult a gynecologist. They take a detailed medical history & if required do an examination, and may recommend additional tests or imaging studies to determine the underlying cause.

Remember, early intervention can often lead to more effective treatment and a better overall prognosis.

At Docgenie, we understand the importance of reproductive health and are here to provide you with the guidance and support you need. Contact us today to schedule a consultation with one of our experienced gynecologists.

In case you have abnormal menstruation the severity of the infection, consult a highly experienced Gynecologists on DocGenie. All our Obstretician & Gynaecologist are available for online video sessions. With DocGenie you can get quality medical help from the comfort of your home, in a cost effective way.

About the Author

Dr. Neha Jain operates Bliss & Bless clinic & and is a consultant at Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj. Dr Neha Jain is known for her sincerity, excellent webside manners and clinical acumen for diagnosing women’s problems. She believes in a holistic approach to a women and understands how her mental status and family situation may affect her physical well being.  Some common problems that she is efficiently able to manage on a teleconsult are: Early pregnancy, Vaginal Discharge, PCOD, Menopause Symptoms, Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Abortion)- Through Pills/Surgical, Pelvic pain, Menstrual problems, Family Planning advice. Dr Neha Jain has contributed to academic books & conferences.